Selected Health Care Settings in Texas
Abstract of Journal Article - March 2006
By Sharon K. Melville, MD, MPH; Gary Heseltine, MD, MPH; Elizabeth Delamater, PhD; Zunera Gilani, MPH; Kate Hendricks, MD, MPH, TM; and Lucina Suarez, PhD
This study describes the burden of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in Texas through a series of seroprevalence studies in various health care settings. We assessed antibodies to HCV on excess blood samples from clients attending drug treatment centers (DTCs), sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics, and publicly funded HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) testing sites. Clients attending DTCs had the highest seroprevalence at 73.0%, followed by those presenting at HIV testing sites (10.9%) and STD clinics (5.8%). Injection drug users had much higher seroprevalence than nonusers. Hepatitis C infection seroprevalences were higher in older clients than in younger clients. This investigation supports integrating HCV counseling and testing services into existing HIV and STD services since these populations share risk factors for bloodborne and sexually transmitted diseases. The reported prevalence of HCV can be used as a baseline measurement to monitor the effectiveness of screening for HCV.
March 2006 Texas Medicine Contents
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