Physician Workforce and Distribution:
(1) The Texas Medical Association will continue to collect, analyze, and share workforce data profiling medical students, residents and fellows, practicing physicians, and academic physicians in Texas.
(2) Further study of shortage specialties will be undertaken to determine the need for these specialties as workforce requirements change.
(3) Texas Medical Association opposes imposition of quotas on medical schools to require that Texas graduates practice in specific areas. The association encourages the development and use of admission criteria to take into account the likelihood of students returning to practice in rural and urban underserved areas, in addition to criteria to appraise students' learning and analytical skills, values and attitudes, and contribution to society and a caring profession.
(4) Texas Medical Association supports the premise that all medical schools have the responsibility to provide the appropriate environment that will motivate students to select careers in primary care and underserved areas. Primary care specialties are recognized as family medicine, general internal medicine, general pediatrics, and obstetrics/gynecology. TMA supports efforts of medical schools to increase exposure to students to primary care specialties through clerkships, rotations, and preceptorships in ambulatory settings and seek adequate state funding for such programs. Primary care role models should be provided for students early and consistently throughout medical school.
(5) Cancellation of all or part of educational loans for students who complete training in Texas and practice in primary care specialties in underserved areas in Texas is supported by the association. In addition, programs for loan repayment, forbearance, tax exemptions and deductions for education loans and stipends, and deferment of interest or eliminating accrual of interest should be continued and enhanced.
(6) Private practice physicians are encouraged to participate in teaching, research, and patient care programs of medical schools. The private practice community should be encouraged to act as role models or advisers for each student entering medical school and continue until graduation. Medical schools and the private practice community should encourage the active participation by academic physicians in organized medicine (CME, p 82 A-93; Committee on Manpower, p 98, A-94; CM-PDHCA, p 104, I-94; amended CME Rep. 6-A-03; amended CM-PDHCA Rep. 1-A-13).