Definition of Computerized Physician Order Entry (CPOE)

CPOE entails the physician’s use of computer assistance to directly enter medication orders from a computer or mobile device. The order is also documented or captured in a digital, structured, and computable format for use in improving safety and organization.

Laboratory and radiology orders are included as part of Stage 2 for CPOE:

Laboratory Order – Order for any service provided by a laboratory that could not be provided by a non-laboratory.

Laboratory – A facility for the biological, microbiological, serological, chemical, immunohematological, hematological, biophysical, cytological, pathological, or other examination of from the human body for the purpose of providing information for the diagnosis, prevention, or treatment of any disease or impairment of, or the assessment of the health of, human beings. These examinations also include procedures to determine, measure, or otherwise describe the presence or absence of various substances or organisms in the body. Facilities only collecting or preparing specimens (or both) or only serving as a mailing service and not performing testing are not considered laboratories.

Radiology Order – Order for any imaging services that uses electronic product radiation. The EP can include orders for other types of imaging services that do not rely on electronic product radiation in this definition as long the policy is consistent across all patients and for the entire EHR reporting period.

Electronic Product Radiation – Any ionizing or nonionizing electromagnetic or particulate radiation, or [a]ny sonic, infrasonic, or ultrasonic wave that is emitted from an electronic product as the result of the operation of an electronic circuit in such product.